III-2. “Large Scale Investigation of Socio-economic Situation in Indonesian Villages Using Village Potential Data (Podes) and Census Data” (H27 FY2015)

  • Project Leader : Furukawa Fumiko (Kobe university, Graduate school of human development and Environment)
  • Collaborators : Samejima Hiromitsu (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Natural Resources and Ecosystem Services)
  • : Masuda Kazuya (Kochi university, Department of Agriculture)
  • : Okamoto Masaaki (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)
  • : Kawai Masayuki (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Natural Resources and Ecosystem Services)
  • : Fujisaki Taiji (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Natural Resources and Ecosystem Services)
  • : Mizuno Kosuke (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)
  • : Kozan Osamu (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)
  • : Koizumi Yusuke (The University of Tokyo, Graduate school of Arts and Sciences)
  • : Ooide Ayako (Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies)

Outline of Research

Analysis of the introduction and expansion of industrial afforestation and oil palm cultivation in Indonesia and the resultant impact on village society requires a grasp of village-level characteristics as well as longitudinal comparison. However, when the target of the study spans in a wide area, there are limitations to relying only on field surveys. Therefore, we are examining the use of the Village Potential Statistics (Potensi Desa / PODES) in conjunction with census data. By examining these materials in light of data obtained through field surveys, we situate specific villages in relation to national and regional trends and examine population movements and the transformation of subsistence strategies among local residents.


In Indonesia, a shift from state-led resource development to environmental restoration and community assistance projects has been underway since the late 1990s. This study uncovers how macro-level trends are affecting village society by integrating data from field surveys with nationwide statistical data on villages while focusing industrial afforestation and oil palm cultivation.


While many problems have been pointed out with regard to industrial afforestation using fast-growing trees and oil palm cultivation, there are also expectations on the prospect of securing timber resources and the production of renewable energy. In addition to investigating associated longitudinal impacts on particular villages, it is also necessary to ascertain whether these are the result of region-wide trends against the backdrop of significant nationwide economic growth or the effect of specific development programs.

Expected Results

PODES data have been published every three years since 1983, and thus encompass not only the period before and after the major expansion of oil palm cultivation and industrial afforestation activities in the 1990s, but also cover the Transmigration Resettlement Unit and Remote Ethnic Resettlement activities that have taken place since 2002. Although many of these statistics have been aggregated mainly at the provincial level, employing the administrative village breakdown of the PODES dataset allows a more fine-grained analysis. Moreover, incorporating the entirety of information from all editions from 1983 to 2014 into the current application facilitates data processing and linking with GIS data, thereby allowing a wide range of analysis.

village potential data (PODES)

“Togo” is a place where it is a base of fishery used pengerih fishing gear and it’s a drying
space of fish or shrimp.