IV-16. “Toward Stopping Tropical Deforestation: An Interdisciplinary Study to Consider Breakthroughs” (H28 FY2016)

  • Project Leader:Kurashima Takayuki (Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies)
  • Collaborators:Kanzaki Mamoru (Kyoto University, Faculty of Agriculture)
  •                              Sano Makoto (FFPRI, JAPAN, Forest Management Department)
  •                              Chann Sophal (FWRDI, CAMBODIA)
  •                              Kobasyashi Satoru (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)
  •                              Matsuura Toshiya (FFPRI, JAPAN, Forest Management Department)

Outline of Research

Efforts by developing countries and international society to stop tropical deforestation have borne little fruit, despite the assistance of international organizations. We postulate that this failure stems from a misalignment of interests among stakeholders in three domains: international society, developing country governments, and rural communities in developing countries. We will investigate measures to align the interests of such stakeholders and set out principles for introducing improved measures. Using Cambodia as an example, this study examines both the adverse impacts of a failed international effort and the structural mechanism that led to the failure. Then, it outlines paths to align the interests of multiple stakeholders regarding tropical forest management.


This study focuses on the controversial social and environmental safeguard policies (hereinafter referred to “safeguards”) used by the World Bank and other international assistance organizations. The study identifies the adverse impacts that these safeguards have had, indirectly, on tropical forest conservation, as well as the mechanism of this adverse impact. Using multiple academic approaches, it will propose measures to mitigate adverse impacts.

The study examines the impact of activities and operations of international actors as a new explanatory variable in the analysis of factors related to the destruction of tropical forests. Based on an analysis of stakeholder interests, we will identify deterrent measures to halt problematic behaviors.

This study will use a characteristic output style that we refer to as the “one set type.” As a set, the output shows the means, impacts, and countermeasures of deforestation, with the policy-planning divisions of international organizations as the main target. We expect our results to motivate the staff of international organizations to change their strategies and behavior, ultimately improving the conservation of tropical forests.


Tropical deforestation coming from the development of large-scale rubber plantation by foreign (Vietnamese) company in central Cambodia

Deforestation coming from the expansion of cassava cultivation by local farmer in central Cambodia