III-1. “The Raw Data of the Indonesian Economic Census and Its Value for Academic Research” (H30-R1 FY2018-2019)

  • Project Leader : Koizumi Yusuke (Sophia University, Institute of Asian, African, and Middle Eastern Studies)
  • Collaborators : Arai Kenichiro (Asia University, Faculty of Urban Innovation)
  • : Hayashi Kengo (The University of Tokyo, Institute of Industrial Science)
  • : Nagatsu Kazufumi (Toyo Unviersity, Faculty of Sociology)
  • : Samejima Hiromitsu (Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Natural Resources & Ecosystem Services Are)
  • : Furukawa Fumiko (Kobe University, Graduate School of Human Development and Environment)
  • : Kozan Osamu (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)

Outline of Research

This study investigates socio-geographical changes in the Jakarta metropolitan area with a specific focus on demographic and industrial transitions during the last couple of decades. Our analysis is mainly based on raw data from the Indonesian Economic Census, which has thus far been under-utilized in academic research. The census covers not only large companies, but also small family-owned operations in the manufacturing and informal sectors, making the raw data highly valuable for academic research. We will work with the Indonesian government’s institution of statistics (Badan Pusat Statistik) and will hold a workshop with them in 2019 to discuss the use of census data for Indonesian research.


This study takes particular note of the spatial expansion of the Jakarta metropolitan area, where industrial estates and residential complexes are currently developed in the suburbs. The purpose of this study is to draw attention to this “sprawling” phenomenon in the metropolitan area and to focus on the following points: (1) population mobility inside the metropolitan area, (2) labor migration from outside the metropolitan area, and (3) the impacts of structural changes in industries, especially in the manufacturing sector, towards employment structure.

Although the raw data of the population census and the economic census, on which our study is mainly based, provides us important information for understanding the transformation of urban society in Indonesia, its data have not yet been actively used for academic research. One reason for this is that the raw data contain a massive amount of information and are not easy to analyze. The economic census in particular has not been given much attention compared to the population census. The significance of our study is to provide a new perspective for social and economic studies in Indonesia through the use of the raw data from the economic census.

By analyzing this data, the study makes it possible to understand structural demographic and industrial changes in the Jakarta metropolitan area from a macro perspective. Combining this macro perspective with intensive field research will lead us to a better understanding of the dynamics of social and economic changes in the metropolitan area. We will also share the research outcomes with the staff of Badan Pusat Statistik and will hold a workshop to discuss the possibilities of the use of statistical data for further academic research.


Mixed landscape of skyscrapers and local kampungs in Jakarta

A map of the distribution of manufacture labor in western Java (by 2000 population census)