IV-11. “Demographic Dynamics of the Jakarta Metropolitan Area: A Combined Micro and Macro Analysis” (R2 FY2020)

  • Project Leader : Arai Kenichirou (Asia University, Faculty of Urban Innovation)
  • Collaborators : Hayashi Kengo (The University of Tokyo, Institute of Industrial Science)
  • : Mimura Yutaka (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, RIHN Center)
  • : Koizumi Yusuke (Osaka City University, Graduate School of Literature)
  • : Ayuha Daiki (The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences)
  • : Yoshida Kota (The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences)
  • : Yamaguchi Motoki (Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies)
  • : Kozan Osamu (Kyoto University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies)

Outline of Research

This study aims to clarify, based on both micro and macro perspectives, the demographic dynamics and related socio-spatial changes in the Jakarta metropolitan area. Focusing on the rapid suburbanization (urban sprawl) and associated demographic changes, we adopt a multi-scale approach, employing a micro-scale analysis based on intensive field research together with a macro-scale analysis based on statistical data. We also further develop our unique research framework, which is based on a combined micro-macro perspective.


This joint research project, composed of a macro analysis group in charge of socio-economic statistical data and satellite images and a micro analysis group familiar with the theory of anthropology and sociology, will calculate large-scale demographics of the Jakarta metropolitan area. The uniqueness of our study is to examine the variables necessary for a statistical analysis of the demographic dynamics of the Jakarta metropolitan area not only based on a macro perspective, but also from micro field experience. Although this kind of research approach, which emphasizes a combined macro-micro perspective, has been important in previous Southeast Asian urban studies, it is still far from being established as a solid methodology. Therefore, our study can break new ground in this regard.

The project expects to hold a workshop in collaboration with Indonesian Statistics, the institution that manages all official statistical data in Indonesia. This will lead us into interesting discussions that are not only limited to Japanese researchers, but also include Indonesian researchers and policymakers. As analysis results will be shared with urban policymakers, our research is not only of academic significance, but may also directly contribute to solutions to housing problems or deterioration of the urban environment. We hope our research will be valuable to the broader urban planning process and policies of the Jakarta metropolitan area, and potentially present a model for other metropolitan areas in Southeast Asia.

Hybrid meeting (25 September 2020; Tokyo)

Several examples of slides presented in the study meetings (Mimura and Hayashi)